Peak Inspiratory Flow Rate in COPD: Clinical Trial Analyses
Martin Anderson,1 Kathryn Collison,2 M Bradley Drummond,3 Melanie Hamilton,4 Renu Jain,2 Neil Martin,5,6 Richard A Mularski,7 Mike Thomas,8 Chang-Qing Zhu,9 Gary T Ferguson10
1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Respiratory Therapy Area, GSK, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; 3Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; 4R&D, GSK, Ware, Hertfordshire, UK; 5Global Medical Affairs, GSK, Brentford, Middlesex, UK; 6Institute for Lung Health, University of Leicester, Leicester, Leicestershire, UK; 7Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA; 8Primary Care Research, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; 9Biostatistics, GSK, Stockley Park West, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK; 10Pulmonary Research, Institute of Southeast Michigan, Farmington Hills, MI, USA
Correspondence: Gary T Ferguson
Pulmonary Research, Institute of Southeast Michigan, Farmington Hills, MI, USA
Tel +1 248-478-6561
Email [email protected]
Background: The influence of peak inspiratory flow (PIF) on dose delivery from dry powder inhalers (DPIs) and association with treatment efficacy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been fully determined. In vitro studies have demonstrated adequate dose delivery through ELLIPTA DPI at PIF ≥ 30 L/min. This analysis of two clinical trials and a real-world population of COPD patients determined spirometric PIF distribution, and explored the relationship between PIF and outcomes in the trials.
Methods: The replicate Phase IV, 12-week, randomized, double-blind 207608/207609 (NCT03478683/NCT03478696) trials evaluated fluticasone furoate/umeclidinium/vilanterol via ELLIPTA DPI versus budesonide/formoterol+tiotropium in COPD patients. This post hoc analysis assessed spirometric PIF distribution at screening and relationship between PIF and lung function outcomes in the pooled 207608/207609 population. Spirometric PIF distributions in a real-world population of COPD patients were evaluated by retrospective analysis of the Kaiser Permanente Northwest (KPNW) database to assess similarities between clinical trial and real-world populations.
Results: A total of 1460 (207608/207609) and 3282 (KPNW) patients were included. There was considerable overlap between spirometric PIF distributions for both populations. Overall, 99.7% and 99.8% of the 207608/207609 and KPNW populations, respectively, reported spirometric PIF ≥ 50 L/min, estimated as equivalent to ELLIPTA PIFR ≥ 30 L/min. In the 207608/207609 combined analysis, there was no significant interaction between spirometric PIF and treatment for lung function endpoints, indicating treatment effect is independent of PIF.
Conclusion: Nearly all COPD patients in the 207608/207609 and KPNW populations achieved spirometric PIF values estimated as equivalent to PIFR of ≥ 30 L/min through the ELLIPTA DPI. Lack of correlation between spirometric PIF at screening and treatment efficacy aligns with consistent dose performance from the ELLIPTA DPI across a wide range of PIFs, achieved by patients with COPD of all severities.
Keywords: COPD, inhaled triple therapy, patient outcomes, real-world studies, peak inspiratory flow rate, DPI
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