Hematology Oncology As A Medical Specialty

Hematology Oncology As A Medical Specialty

What Do Hematology-Oncology Doctors Do?

Hematologists-Oncologists also known as Heme Oncs, merge training in two medical specialties to provide healthcare services for blood diseases and cancers of all forms.

Hematology-Oncology is a medical specialty that focuses on diagnosing and treating of patient with blood abnormalities as well as malignant diseases. Although Oncology (cancer) and Hematology (blood) are two distinct medical sub-specialties of Internal Medicine, they frequently overlap since many tumors influence the blood and vice versa. As a result, many physicians obtain training and skill in both fields, resulting in the development of a merged medical field. Hematologists and Oncologists are frequently involved in consultation with other physicians and medical specialists due to the complex nature of these conditions.

Hematologist/oncologists are particularly qualified to treat both blood-related problems and malignant diseases (malignancies), as well as cancers that affect the blood, because they have completed training in both fields of medicine. Lymphoma, myeloma, and leukemia are only a few of them. Hematologists and oncologists frequently work as part of a medical team of multidisciplinary physicians to treat these and other disorders.

Other specialists who may collaborate with hematologists/oncologists including specialists in radiology, psychiatry, nuclear medicine, infectious disease, immunology, and others

Oncology / Hematology Training & Education

Hematology/oncology physicians have finished a tough and difficult educational program that includes first a residency program followed by  fellowship training. To get an M.D. or D.O. degree, a student must finish 4 years of an Allopathic or Osteopathic medical school after getting a bachelor’s degree. A hematologist-oncologist’s path after medical school is to complete a three-year residency in internal medicine; clinicians interested in pediatric hematology/oncology can seek residency training in pediatrics.

Whats Next After Completing Medical School?

After completion of the required residency, the doctor must pursue a three-year specialized fellowship program in hematology/oncology. Throughout the fellowship program the practitioner is exposed to both Oncology and Hematology diagnostic and treatment procedures. The doctor is introduced to the clinical section of hematology-oncology treatment for the first two years, treating patients with various kinds of cancer. The final year in the fellowship training is usually reserved to field research, which can include either basic research or clinical research training; during this year, the physician can concentrate in a specific area within Hematology-Oncology and acquire valuable knowledge. Board certification for Heme Onc physicians is available through the American Board of Internal Medicine. 

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